Successful response to the COVID-19 pandemic requires coordination within and across governments.
Within governments, heads of governments gathered together power and authority early in the response, concentrating power and energy at the centre of government. Across governments, different governments adopted differing approaches to coordinating pandemic response between central governments, regions, and local government. In many cases, policy was temporarily centralised in federations, with the central government making more policies than usual. In the second wave, there seems to be less centralisation, particularly in federations, and regional or local governments are more prominent. Full article here